Israel’s international airport, Ben Gurion, is located 35 minutes from Jerusalem and about a half hour from Tel Aviv. Most airlines fly to and from the renovated Terminal 3, with others based at Terminal 1.
There are several means of transportation between Ben Gurion Airport and Jerusalem:
Starting March 2018, an express train will take passengers from Ben Gurion Airport to Jerusalem in under 20 minutes.
Both private and shared taxis service Ben Gurion Airport. The Israel Airports Authority licenses private taxis that are conveniently situated at the Terminal 3 Arrivals Hall exit. A private taxi to Jerusalem costs approximately $63 Sunday through Friday and about $80 on Saturday. There is no need to book ahead for the trip to Jerusalem. Not all taxis accept credit cards, and visitors are advised to change a sufficient amount of money prior to leaving the airport.
The Nesher Sherut — a shared taxi service – is a cheaper, popular alternative to a private taxi. Nesher vans are located just outside the Arrivals Hall and will drop you off anywhere in Jerusalem. The vans leave when they have a full load of passengers, and those at the end of the drop-off list may have a journey of up to two hours. The service runs 24/7, and there is no need to pre-book when travelling from the airport. For travel from Jerusalem to the airport, you need to book 24 hours in advance and note your flight’s departure time. The shared taxi costs about $17, with the current rate clearly posted outside the terminal.
There is a direct bus that makes round trips between Ben Gurion Airport and Jerusalem.
The No. 485 Afikim bus operates 24 hours a day (Saturday evening through late Friday afternoon) and departs from Terminals 1 and 3 at the airport and from several locations in Jerusalem, one of them the Central Bus Station. The journey is approximately an hour and costs about $5.
Jerusalem is a collection of neighborhoods interconnected by a system of public and private transportation. Rental cars are available at several locations, and many sites in the city can be reached by foot.
Public transportation in Jerusalem consists of a network of buses and a light rail system that connects one end of the city to the other. A single fare on the light rail is 2 EUR, and a 10-ride pass (a smart card known as a Rav Kav) is 12 EUR. Tickets must be purchased at the light rail stops before you board and cannot be purchased on the trams themselves. Trams arrive every 7 minutes at peak hours and every 15 minutes off-peak.
There are many car rental agencies in Jerusalem. Note that the entrance to Jerusalem and areas in the center of the city have heavy traffic in the morning and late afternoon rush hours.
Taxis in Jerusalem are ubiquitous and should cost no more than about 10 EUR for a ride within the city limits. Taxis to the airport cost approximately 45 EUR (with an added 10 EUR for a large amount of luggage). You may ask for a receipt at the end of the ride. Note that there is a surcharge of 1 EUR when ordering taxis by phone. Taxi ordering apps such as Uber and GetTaxi operate in the city.
Walking is the best way to experience the city and to enjoy all its beauty. Visitors can stroll through the city center easily, and a walk to the Old City from downtown should take no more than 20 minutes.
Israel’s small size makes it easy to get around, and a one-day trip from Jerusalem to another city is entirely possible. Tel Aviv is a 45-minute bus ride away and well worth visiting. Nazareth is 1.40-hour drive, and the Dead Sea can be reached in less than 40 minutes.